Town of Oakville
Welcome to the “Town of Oakville”
In 1793, Dundas Street was surveyed for a military road. In 1805, the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada bought the lands between Etobicoke and Hamilton from the Mississaugas aboriginal people, except for the land at the mouths of Twelve Mile Creek (Bronte Creek), Sixteen Mile Creek, and along the Credit River. In 1807, British immigrants settled the area surrounding Dundas Street as well as on the shore of Lake Ontario.
Oakville’s first industries included shipbuilding, timber shipment, and wheat farming. In the 1850s, there was an economic recession and the foundry, the most important industry in town, was closed. Basket-making became a major industry in the town, and the Grand Trunk Railway was built through it.
The town eventually became industrialized with the opening of Cities Service Canada (later BP Canada, and now Petro Canada) and Shell Canada oil refineries (both now closed), the Procor factory, and, most importantly, the Ford Motor Company’s Canadian headquarters and plant, all in close proximity to the Canadian National Railway and the Queen Elizabeth Way highway between Toronto and Fort Erie (Buffalo).
In 1962 the town of Oakville merged with its neighbouring villages (Bronte, Palermo, Sheridan, and the remainder of Trafalgar Township) to become the new Town of Oakville, reaching northwards to Steeles Avenue in Milton. In 1973, the restructuring of Halton County into Halton Region brought the northern border southwards to just north of Highway 407.
According to the 2006 census, Oakville had a younger population than Canada as a whole. Minors (youth under 19 years of age) totalled 28.1 percent of the population compared to pensioners who number 11.7 percent. This compares with the Canadian average of 24.4 percent (minors) and 13.7 percent (pensioners).
Because of its close proximity to Toronto, Oakville is becoming increasingly diverse. As of 2006, 81.2% of the population was white. Other groups include South Asin: 6.0%, Chinese: 3.2%, black: 2.1%, and mixed race: 2%
The median household income was $83,982 with an average house value of $306,209. Oakville is among the most affluent municipalities in Canada.
Oakville is home to a number of ethnic groups. A large segment of the population is formed by those of white ethnic backgrounds – 86.%, largely those of British Isles, Italian, German, French, Polish, and Portuguese origins. Visible minority groups consists of Asian (chiefly East Indian) 4.3%, Chinese 2.2%, and Black 1.9%. A growing mixed race population totals 1.4%. Oakville is younger than Canada in terms of age. Some 21% of the population consists of children (ages 0 – 14), while those over 65 number 10%, resulting in a growth rate of 12% in the 5 years before 2001, and a median age of 36.4 years of age.
A vibrant and impressive community within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), the Town of Oakville is preserved and celebrated by residents and visitors alike. Oakville has many great neighbourhoods, places to do business, high quality education and easy access to the QEW, 403, 407 and GO Transit. This thriving town provides all the advantages of a well-serviced urban centre, while also maintaining its small-town ambiance. Along historical downtown streets, Oakville offers a mix of converted 19th century buildings which accommodate over 400 fine shops, services and restaurants.
For more information on the City of Oakville, please visit the following websites:
City of Oakville: http://www.oakville.ca/
Halton Region: http://www.halton.ca/
Halton Catholic School Board: http://www.haltonrc.edu.on.ca/
Halton District School Board: http://www.hdsb.ca/Pages/Home.aspx
Oakville Hospital: http://www.haltonhealthcare.com/home.php